|Town of Bladensburg|
A past to remember, a future to embrace.
|• Total||1.00 sq mi (2.59 km2)|
|• Land||0.99 sq mi (2.56 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)|
|Elevation||52 ft (16 m)|
|• Density||9,754.55/sq mi (3,765.61/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area codes||301, 240|
|GNIS feature ID||0597086|
Bladensburg is a town in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. The population was 9,657 at the 2020 census. Areas in Bladensburg are located within ZIP code 20710. Bladensburg is 8.6 miles (13.8 km) from Washington, D.C.
Originally called Garrison's Landing, Bladensburg was renamed in honor of Thomas Bladen, governor of Maryland, 1742–1747. Bladensburg was established in 1742 as a regional commercial center by an act of the Maryland General Assembly. The act also authorized the town commissioners to purchase 60 acres (240,000 m2) of land to be laid out in 1-acre (4,000 m2) lots. The act required that a house covering at least 400 square feet (37 m2) of ground with a brick or stone chimney be constructed within 18 months of the sale of the lot. As of 6 June 1746, only 18 of the lots had been improved according to the stipulations of the act. Christopher Lowndes' house, Bostwick, and those built by David Ross and William Hilleary (the William Hilleary House) were among them.
Port, war, and railroad (1740s–1830s)
With the establishment in 1747 of a government tobacco inspection system, Bladensburg became a designated tobacco inspection and grading port. The Market Master's House is evidence of that role. The town was a seaport during the colonial period.
Bladensburg is best remembered for the Battle of Bladensburg (1814) during the War of 1812, the only battle in US history in which a sitting president (James Madison) rode into battle. US defeat in that battle, called "the greatest disgrace ever dealt to American arms", cleared the way for the burning of Washington by British troops.
Its role as a seaport faded as the Anacostia River silted up and larger ships could no longer reach the port. However, the town remained an important crossroads of routes north to Baltimore and Philadelphia, south and east to the towns of Annapolis and Upper Marlboro, and west to the District of Columbia. The original terminus of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was Bladensburg, forcing all passengers intended for Washington to board carriages to continue on into the city. A sharp decline of passengers was experienced in Bladensburg when an extension of the B&O was permitted into the District of Columbia in 1835.
Bladensburg remained a small town throughout the rest of the 19th century with modest development and infrastructure improvements. A major attraction in Bladensburg from the 18th century through the 20th century was the Spa Springs. Thought to be a cure for various illnesses, the springs attracted visitors from throughout the region and was reachable by the Washington, Spa Spring and Gretta Railroad. Another attraction was the Bladensburg Dueling Grounds or Dueling Creek, the site of many famous duels until after the American Civil War.
The town was incorporated in 1854. Schools and churches were constructed, including the first Freedmen's Bureau school for African Americans in 1866. The town experienced its most significant growth in the early 20th century with the construction of the first two residential sections of the town in 1914 and 1917. Named Decatur Heights, the subdivisions had gridded streets platted on the north and south sides of Annapolis Road. The town was enlarged again in 1947 by the Sunnybrook subdivision. The mid to late 20th century brought additional residential construction in the form of single-family houses and apartment complexes, as well as the construction of the Bladensburg Shopping Center. After a history major flooding, the Army Corps of Engineers implemented a flood control system around this time that altered the course of the Anacostia River and added levees.
In 1999, Bladensburg, Colmar Manor, and Cottage City were lauded by the Joint Center for Sustainable Communities for their collaboration with Prince George's County for the Port Towns Revitalization Initiative, which created a common Port Towns identity for the towns; encouraged businesses development through infrastructure and façade improvements; acquisition of historic properties and plans for their reuse; and reconstruction of the Bladensburg waterfront and marina.
The following is a partial list of historic sites in Bladensburg identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission:
|Site name||Image||Location||M-NCPPC Inventory Number||Comment|
|1||Bostwick||3901 48th St.||69-005-09||Added to the National Register of Historic Places, 1975-08-19|
|2||George Washington House||Baltimore Ave. at Upshur St.||69-005-02||Added to the National Register of Historic Places, 1974-08-07|
|3||Hilltop Manor||4100–4112, 4200–4214 53rd Ave., 4100–4210 53rd Pl., & 5300–5304 Annapolis Rd.||n/a||Added to the National Register of Historic Places, 2007-12-21|
|4||Market Master's House||4006 48th St.||69-005-08||Added to the National Register of Historic Places, 1990-03-29|
|6||William Hilleary House or Hilleary–Magruder House||4703 Annapolis Rd.||69-005-07||Added to the National Register of Historic Places, 1978-07-20|
Bladensburg is also the site of the Peace Cross, a World War I memorial at the center of a 2019 Supreme Court case American Legion v. American Humanist Association, which allowed the landmark to remain as a state-maintained monument.
Bladensburg is located at (38.941428, −76.930053).
- Edmonston (northwest)
- Hyattsville (northwest)
- Rogers Heights (northeast)
- Riverdale (northeast)
- Cottage City (southwest)
- Colmar Manor (southwest)
- Cheverly (southeast)
- Tuxedo (south)
- Woodlawn (east)
- Landover Hills (east)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||460||294||5.03%||3.04%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||5,885||5,166||64.33%||53.49%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||18||23||0.20%||0.24%|
|Asian alone (NH)||184||124||2.01%||1.28%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||2||5||0.02%||0.05%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||19||37||0.21%||0.38%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||117||196||1.28%||2.03%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||2,463||3,812||26.92%||39.47%|
As of the census of 2010, there were 9,148 people, 3,542 households, and 1,960 families living in the town. The population density was 9,148.0 inhabitants per square mile (3,532.1/km2). There were 3,826 housing units at an average density of 3,826.0 per square mile (1,477.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 12.6% White, 65.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 16.6% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.9% of the population.
There were 3,542 households, of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.7% were married couples living together, 22.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.7% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.39.
The median age in the town was 31.5 years. 26.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 11% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32.7% were from 25 to 44; 20.3% were from 45 to 64; and 9.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,661 people, 3,121 households, and 1,719 families living in the town. The population density was 7,766.1 inhabitants per square mile (2,998.5/km2). There were 3,443 housing units at an average density of 3,490.3 per square mile (1,347.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 16.42% White, 70.92% African American, 0.34% Native American, 2.52% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.87% from other races, and 2.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.07% of the population.
There were 3,121 households, out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.8% were married couples living together, 20.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.9% were non-families. 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.6% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,966, and the median income for a family was $41,394. Males had a median income of $30,969 versus $28,538 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,046. About 7.5% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 21.3% of those age 65 or over.
Primary and secondary schools
Public elementary schools serving the town include: 
- Bladensburg Elementary School
- Port Towns Elementary School
- Rogers Heights Elementary School
- Templeton Elementary School
International High School at Langley Park: a special high school for students who are new immigrants to the United States.
Several major surface roads serve Bladensburg. U.S. Route 1 Alternate is the only U.S. Highway serving the town. It follows Baltimore Avenue along a northeast-southwest alignment on the west edge of town. Major state routes serving Bladensburg include Maryland Route 201, which follows Kenilworth Avenue on a general north-south alignment, and Maryland Route 450, which follows Annapolis Road on an east-west route. Maryland Route 202 reaches its northern terminus at MD 450 in Bladensburg, while Maryland Route 769 follows the old alignment of MD 201 along minor surface roads through town. The nearest freeway is the Baltimore-Washington Parkway, which passes just east of the town limits.
- Caleb T. Bailey, born in Bladensburg in 1898; Brigadier general, USMC
- Henry Hartley, born in Bladensburg in 1884; Rear admiral, USN
- Robert M. Wright, born in Bladensburg in 1840; one of the founders of Dodge City, Kansas
- Lossing, Benson (1868). The Pictorial Field-Book of the War of 1812. Harper & Brothers, Publishers. p. 927.
- "Bladensburg". Maryland Manual. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 26, 2022.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bladensburg, Maryland
- "Bladensburg town, Maryland". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
- Bostwick, Prince George's County, Inventory No.: PG:69–2, including photo in 1997, at Maryland Historical Trust website
- Howe, Daniel Walker (2007). What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815-1848. Oxford University Press. pp. 904. ISBN 978-0-19-507894-7.
- "Community Summary Sheet, Prince George's County" (PDF). Bladensburg, Maryland. Maryland State Highway Administration, 1999. May 10, 2008.
- Denny, George D., Jr. Proud Past, Promising Future: Cities and Towns in Prince George's County. Brentwood, Maryland: Tuxedo Press, 1997.
- "The Rise and Fall of the Anacostia in Bladensburg | Bladensburg Rediscovered (Exhibition) | Bladensburg".
- M-NCPPC Illustrated Inventory of Historic Sites (Prince George's County, Maryland), 2006 Archived 2008-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
- "National Register of Historic Places Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 9/08/15 through 9/11/15". National Park Service. September 18, 2015. Archived from the original on July 7, 2016.
- "The American Legion v. American Humanist Association". United States Supreme Court. June 20, 2019.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
- "Mission Statement". Neighbors of the Northwest Branch. Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2009.
- "Decennial Census by Decade". US Census Bureau.
- "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Bladensburg town, Maryland". United States Census Bureau.
- "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Bladensburg town, Maryland". United States Census Bureau.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "The Bladensburg Area." Town of Bladensburg. Retrieved on August 26, 2018.
- "NEIGHBORHOOD ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on August 26, 2018.
- Lyles, Jeffrey K.; Corina E. Rivera (November 18, 2004). "County schools reach out to Hispanics". The Gazette. Archived from the original on September 9, 2018. Retrieved September 10, 2018.
- "NEIGHBORHOOD MIDDLE SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on August 26, 2018.
- "NEIGHBORHOOD HIGH SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on August 26, 2018.
- Home. International High School at Langley Park. "5150 Annapolis Road • Bladensburg, MD 20710"
- Elizabeth Seton High School website.
- "District 1 Station - Hyattsville. Prince George's County Police Department. Retrieved on September 9, 2018. Beat map.
- "BLADENSBURG." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on September 11, 2018. "4921 TILDEN RD BLADENSBURG, MD 20710-9998"